Kathy Rhodes, a Preeclampsia victim educates all ‘to be moms’ about the dreaded disease. Kathy says that a pregnant woman can find herself in the Preeclampsia complications with high blood pressure, swelling feet, gastric pain, weight gain and poor eyesight. Dr.Greg Lyman warns that if a pregnant woman goes slow on these symptoms then the spread from kidneys, lungs and liver will go on to affect the placenta. Kathy reports that her new-born baby had to be kept in ICU for two weeks with feeding tubes. So, if you are expecting, you better keep a check on the following: 1. High blood Pressure 2. Swelling 3. Poor Sight
Lupus is an autoimmune ailment that target women relatively. Since, the victims are women between 15 to 40 years of age, so researchers anticipate that there might have been some link between hormones and lupus. Consequent upon which, in the past, women were discouraged from being pregnant because it may put the life of mother and child at risk. However, there are certain risk factors associated with Lupus. In addition, it has been reported that 10% of miscarriages occurs because of it. Although, diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism may also lead to miscarriages. Lupus may also cause preeclampsia, a condition caused by damage to the placenta that occurs in the second term of pregnancy. Its symptoms are high blood pressure, headache and swelling. Since the prolactin hormone is present during pregnancy because of which women at times may experience flare-ups of lupus. It has the caliber of affecting the kidneys and circulatory system as well. Thus, regular screening for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and lupus anticoagulant should be included in prenatal care. Other tests should not be left behind, which include monthly complete blood counts, liver function tests, urinalysis, creatinine tests and so on.
During pregnancy, there occurs a surge in blood volume which causes edema that is, swelling in your hands and feet. Pressure is also exerted by the growing uterus on the large vein that brings blood back from your lower limbs. By not staying in the same posture for long, you may curb your swelling. Also keep your body in movement and don’t restrict fluids, after all your body needs to be hydrated for healthy pregnancy. Excessive swelling may lead to high blood pressure (preeclampsia) in mother and baby’s development might also get effected. But if your urine and blood pressure are normal, there’s no need to concern about the baby’s health.
It has been assumed that preeclampsia is directly proportional to malaria since it is more common in first pregnancy and so is preeclampsia. Although the root cause of both the cases is unidentified however, scholars from the USA, UK and Tanzania set out to investigate the possibility that malaria might lead to preeclampsia. When a pregnant woman is infected with malaria, she’s said to have ‘placental malaria’, which is off course harmful to both mother and fetus. A woman who is pregnant for the first time is more prone to suffer from placental malaria, and to have her placenta become highly infected and extremely inflamed. If she later becomes pregnant again, she would be protected to some extent by antibodies she has developed against the parasites in the placenta. The scholars also postulated that first time mothers’ having placental malaria also mounts the risk of hypertension to about three times. The scholars measured the level of sVEGFR1, which is known to increase before and during preeclampsia. Its level was high in first-time mothers with either placental malaria or hypertension, or both, but levels were not raised in other mothers with these conditions. An associated substance, VEGF, which is known to be involved with the process that causes inflammation, was high in first-time mothers with placental malaria, but not in those who had hypertension alone. sVEGFR1 can bind to VEGF and block its action. Since sVEGFR1 was produced by the fetus’ cells, and VEGF was produced by the mother’s cells, the researchers postulated that the mother and fetus were in conflict over how to deal with the parasites in the placenta, and that this conflict led to preeclampsia. Thus, the scientists concluded that in first-time mothers only, placental malaria can cause preeclampsia.
A major study has revealed that intake of aspirin during pregnancy may ward off the occurrence of fatal condition called pre-eclampsia. Preeclampsia is a complex disorder that affects 3 to 8 percent of pregnant women. A woman is diagnosed with preeclampsia if she has high blood pressure and protein in her urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Findings are based on the study of more than 32,000 women; data collaborated by the scholars in Sydney. It concluded that cases of pre-eclampsia, which is caused by a defect in the placenta, dropped by 10% on daily consumption of aspirin. Risks of preeclampsia: Preeclampsia can prevent the placenta from getting enough blood. If the placenta doesn’t get enough blood, your baby gets less air and food. And this can cause low birth weight and other problems for the baby. Signs and symptoms: 1. Severe headaches 2. Changes in vision, including temporary loss of vision, blurred vision or light sensitivity 3. Upper abdominal pain, usually under the ribs on the right side 4. Nausea or vomiting 5. Dizziness 6. Decreased urine output 7. Sudden weight gain, typically more than 2 pounds a week Concerns remain US experts James Roberts and Janet Catov, from the University of Pittsburgh, said that while some women were so obviously at high risk that aspirin was justified, it was harder to balance whether the potential harm caused by aspirin was a price worth paying in pregnancies where pre-eclampsia was less likely. Under no circumstances should pregnant women self-medicate with aspirin. While this study suggests that aspirin can have benefits to women at high risk, yet, the decision to use aspirin should only be made in consultation with your doctor. Read