Recent survey suggests that about one in 13 pregnant women in Wales are drinking more than recommended levels. Experts warn that drinking more than one to two units of alcohol per week when pregnant can lead to problems such as Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Some of the risks associated with FAS are low birth weight, growth difficulties as well as problems with the central nervous system, developmental delays and learning difficulties. Abnormal facial features as well as problems with muscles, heart and kidneys can also result.
According to an estimate, 12 percent of the American women between the ages 15 to 44 face various problems, especially during pregnancy. Here is list of some of the important factors that often create problems during pregnancy. 1. Obesity and unhealthy diet can be one of the major reasons. 2. Use of tobacco and alcohol can also be the reason. 3. Problems during pregnancy can also be due to STDs. 4. Stress can also be one of the major reasons behind making pregnancy stage problematic. So, try to keep away these symptoms and problems from your life, especially during pregnancy to make your pregnancy problem free and to give birth to a healthy baby.
Cholesterol supplement may act as an antidote for would be mothers who are at a risk of damaging their growing fetus by alcohol consumption. A protein called Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), which is responsible for the development of nervous system, head, face, heart and limbs are all affected by fetal alcohol syndrome. SHH is only active when bound to cholesterol, and alcohol is known to affect cholesterol levels. When the researchers introduced zebra fish embryos (since zebra fish and humans share the same set of proteins controlling early development) to low concentrations of alcohol, they observed that the embryos had normal amounts of SHH, but expression of the genes it controls was reduced, leading to defects resembling fetal alcohol syndrome. The embryos also had lower cholesterol levels, suggesting that SHH had been deactivated. However, the birth defects were prevented after the embryos were fed with cholesterol supplements.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy may lead to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. The timing of alcohol consumption, its frequency, the beverage size and type, all appear to be crucial elements of identifying risk. A new survey has found that nearly 80% of non-Indigenous West Australian women consumed alcohol during the three months before pregnancy, nearly half had not planned their pregnancies and more than half drank alcohol during pregnancy despite recommendations of abstinence. Lyn Colvin, a researcher at the Telethon Institute asserted, ‘there is a lack of information as it relates to the measurement of alcohol consumption during the periconceptional period of pregnancy.’ The National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia’s peak health research organization recommends that pregnant women should never become intoxicated and should consider not drinking alcohol at all. The World Health Organization too has advised pregnant women not to drink alcohol. Thus, it is important that all women of childbearing age are aware, well before they consider pregnancy, of the risks of drinking alcohol during pregnancy so they can make informed decisions about their alcohol consumption in pregnancy.
Cholesterol supplement may act as an antidote for would be mothers who are at a risk of damaging their growing fetus by alcohol consumption. A protein called Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), which is responsible for the development of nervous system, head, face, heart and limbs are all affected by fetal alcohol syndrome. SHH is only active when bound to cholesterol, and alcohol is known to affect cholesterol levels. When the researchers introduced zebra fish embryos (since zebra fish and humans share the same set of proteins controlling early development) to low concentrations of alcohol, they observed that the embryos had normal amounts of SHH, but expression of the genes it controls was reduced, leading to defects resembling fetal alcohol syndrome. The embryos also had lower cholesterol levels, suggesting that SHH had been deactivated. However, the birth defects were prevented after the embryos were fed with cholesterol supplements. Image Read
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy should be completely avoided. This is because alcohol passes through the placenta and can cause very serious birth defects in the growing fetus, like stunted growth, low birth weight, and even brain damage. This disorder is known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Permanent damage to the central nervous system is one of the main effects of FAS. Due, to the damage to the growing brain cells the child may be born with a variety of cognitive and functional disabilities, including impulsive behavior, attention deficit, and poor memory. Exposure to alcohol in the pre-natal stage may even be responsible for secondary disabilities like drug addiction and trouble with the law. Until now official guidance in the UK has been that it is completely safe for pregnant women to drink up to two large glasses of wine per week (up to four units). But, this does not make you risk free, it just reduces the risk. So, the best thing to do is completely avoid alcohol for the entire pregnancy, after all, it is better to be safe than to be sorry, isn’t it? Do you know that in the US alone, fetal alcohol exposure is one of the leading causes of mental retardation? The prevalence rate of FAS is estimated to be between 0.2 and 2.0 cases per 1,000 live births. Approximately $800,000 is the lifetime medical and social costs of each child with FAS. So, if you really care for the health of your unborn child, say no to alcohol and avoid the risk of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
A recent survey reports that most of the pregnant women are unaware about which type of food and drinks they should consume during their pregnancy period. Approximately 60% females told that they don’t know — what foods to eat and what foods to avoid during their pregnancy, and which types of foods are safe to eat. Eatables which create some sort of confusion are cheese, shellfish, egg, tuna fish and peanuts. In spite of latest instructions from the Government to reduce drinking or even try not to have the alcohol consumption, 1 out of 10 women replied that they drank alcohol throughout their pregnancy period. The average increase in weight during pregnancy is 22lb to 33lb and female should raise their diet by about 300 calories per day. The survey of about 850 pregnant ladies or new mothers through out the nation discovered that 1 in 5 used to get the nutritional advices from their midwives on what type of food they should consume during their pregnancy period. 1 out of 10 females put on full responsibility related to their food intake confusion on their friends, says a report from Organix poll. Lizzie Vann, who founded – Organix, said that most of the females think about nutrition to a large extent when they become mom and have kids; they are mostly confused about what they should consume during their pregnancy. Popular foods which create confusion among pregnant women are: 1. Alcohol – The Health Department advises the pregnant females to quit drinking. If pregnant women want to drink, then they should not consume more than 10ml or 20 ml of alcohol, only for once or twice in a week, drinking more than this can adversely affect the health of your baby and can result in fetal damage. Try not to get fully drunk. 2. Caffeine – Caffeine intake to a large amount put bad effect on the health of baby. The Food Standards Agency or FSA suggests that females who are pregnant should not consume over 300mg of caffeine in a day. 3. Cheese – FSA suggested pregnant females to avoid the consumption of soft cheeses. The soft Cheese may be contaminated with bacteria known as Listeria that can result in causing miscarriage and premature births and they could raise the chances of listeriosis. Only consume cheese which are made from pasteurised milk. One can eat hard cheese. Processed cheese, cottage cheese & cheese spreads can be consumed with utmost safety while you are pregnant. 4. Shellfish – Pregnant women should try to avoid consuming oysters and shellfish if it is not cooked properly. In raw condition these eatables may contain dangerous bacteria and viruses, like salmonella & sometimes listeria too. Raw fish and shellfish are source of a parasite known as Toxoplasma which may cause blindness and brain damage in fetus. 5. Tuna – Women should consume almost all types of fish during pregnancy. FDA recommends that women should avoid eating king mackerel, shark, swordfish, and tilefish during their pregnancy. One should try to reduce the consumption of tuna. Don’t consume more than 2 tuna steaks in a week as they have high amount of mercury which might affect the nervous system of your child. Try also to consume oily fish only twice in a week. 6. Nuts – Pregnant women should also try to avoid the consumption of peanuts if there is any family history of allergic problems like hayfever or eczema. The reason is that the baby may be at greater risk of becoming a nut allergic. 7. Eggs – Try to avoid eggs if not cooked properly or if they are raw. When you have to cook the eggs than cook it until both the parts — white and yolk becomes firm, to have protection from salmonella.